“A dead thing can go with the stream, but only a living thing can go against it.” – G. K. Chesterton.
Scandal makes for juicy drama but is rarely an attribute we aspire to in a family. Nonetheless, the actions of others, even those close to us, can land us in, the middle of notoriety we did not anticipate. In a previous BLOG post, I began the story of Gabrielle (Gaby) Gouldner, the youngest sister of Renee and Edmond Gouldner, sons-in-law of Marie-Louise Hahn Stackman Steinbuchel.
Gaby, lived in our historic home with Dr. Renee and Bertha Stackman Gouldner, Marie’s eldest daughter, after she immigrated to the United States. She remained here until her marriage to Herbert Powell, the only son of the then-mayor of Wichita. It seemed a suitable match for a society conscious family of some standing in the community. They had a daughter in their second year of marriage and all seemed as it should be. Then it started to unravel.
A $100 Scandal?
Herbert accused of running out on a $100 debt, went missing without a word to his wife. Indications are he was rather unstable and often disappeared without warning. Newspaper accounts indicate the couple was not happy.
Her passport application and photo in May 1921 indicated intentions to visit relatives in France, just a few months after their marriage. However, finding herself with child, the trip did not occur until after the birth of her daughter Marie-Lorraine.
Longing For Home
Gaby was homesick. Giving her daughter the middle name of Lorraine indicates how much she missed her beloved Lorraine region of France. Gaby went to France with her young daughter as a ship’s passenger list shows a return trip October 19, 1926, with both the girl and Gaby, as Powells. They were sailing back out of Liverpool. Their Wichita address is listed as the Shirkmere Apts, which were only a few years old at the time.
Interestingly, Gaby’s in-laws had been over in Europe at the time as well, returning to the US just ten days earlier. I wonder if grandma and grandad were on a mission to retrieve their only granddaughter? Whatever the intent, Gaby returned long enough to sort out the parting of ways with Herbert, then returned with her daughter to France in 1927.
Polite Society – Leaving Scandal Behind
An article in The Newark Advocate (Ohio) on November 11, 1950, says she returned to France after the death of her husband, Herbert. This could not have been the case since Herbert did not die until 1935 and her return to France was in 1927. Since she married Jean-Pierre Tritz in October 1928, a divorce must have occurred. However, by the time this article was published in 1950, it was no doubt easier to blur the timeline and avoid awkward questions.
How and where did Gaby and Jean-Pierre meet? Had they known each other from childhood, or met during her extended visit in the early 20s? We do not know. No matter how or when they met, they shared a passion for France and its future as an independent nation. They eventually joined the French Resistance.
Their son John (Jean) was born on January 12, 1929, in Metz. The boy was named after his father, Jean-Pierre who died in military service on November 27, 1942, in Poitiers, Indre, France, at the age of 54.
The French Resistance And Prisoner Of War
After assisting hundreds of refugees from the province of Lorraine to escape, including many young men in process of deportation to Nazi work camps, Gaby was captured. She spent 16 months in German concentration camps, ultimately held as a prisoner at Ravensbrück in North Germany. She is listed as: Gabrielle Tritz nee Guldner (29 December 1929) Alsace.
For her services, during the war, she was awarded numerous medals and citations by French, American, and British authorities including the Medal of Freedom and Croix de Guerre with a star.
After the war, in 1946 Gabby returned to the US with her two children. She again lived with Dr. Reni and Bertha Gouldner, but this time at the Clapp House, on Wellington. She spent time traveling and lecturing eventually settling in New York where she died.
Gabrielle Gouldner Powell Triz’s Legacy
Her son Jean-Piere (John) came to the US in 1947 and attended Wichita State University in1948. He lived with family on North Waco and with the Gouldners on Wellington. He became a naturalized citizen in 1953.
John married on January 14, 1961, in New Haven, Connecticut. He had two children during his marriage. He died on March 16, 2018, in Summit, New Jersey, at the age of 89.
His half-sister Marie-Lorraine married Edwyn Brown Lee, son of Mrs. George T. Lee of New York City, on September 4, 1948, in Wichita. She died on September 4, 2007, in Basking Ridge, New Jersey. Marie-Lorraine had taught French and German in Illinois in 1947.
Scandal To Heroine
What a journey! This story evokes many emotions and raises more questions than it answers. In the midst of what might have been simply reacting to scandal and circumstances, I sense a lot of courage and purpose in the life of Gabrielle Gouldner Powell Tritz What I have discovered leaves me hungry to know more.
What is your reaction to the twists and turns of this story? Please comment!
2 thoughts on “How Scandal, Resistance, Imprisonment Led To Heroism – Gabby Gouldner’s Second Life”
Nancy, I enjoyed reading this short history of Gabrielle Gouldner Powell Tritz. Indeed, what a life! Her ties to Wichita, and other Wichitans add to the rich history of our city. Thanks for doing the research, and writing a nice summary of her life.
Thanks Mike – it’s amazing the things you find lurking about the halls of an old house’s history!